In a few years the drones have gone from military technology, aimed at recognizing the terrain and even making attacks, into the civilian sphere.
One of the fields where it is expected to have an especially notable impact is in agriculture. Just as in the battlefield they are used to monitor a certain area, in a plantation they can monitor the state of the irrigation and the general conditions of the same.
While others to more fascinating uses, such as the program that Amazon has announced to bring packages through these unmanned vehicles, has not yet their time, in the field the introduction of these devices is feasible nowadays. The use of drones in agriculture is yet to come, but a good number of tests have already been done, in some countries such as Japan they have even massively implemented systems supported by unmanned vehicles.
The fields are one of the areas where more research is being done. It is true that the use of drones has recently been strengthened for different civilian tasks, such as the identification of archaeological heritage, the prevention of natural disasters through the control of volcanoes and risk areas, as well as coastal surveillance.
Among all the possibilities offered by this technology, agricultural performance may be the most prominent and also the clearest use. drones in agriculture will serve to increase productivity, changing methods that have barely progressed in the last decades.
After all, there is a pressing need in the world: to feed more and more people. For this, it is essential to increase the productivity of the crops that operate today, avoiding losses due to pests and taking better advantage of the intensity that some areas allow.
Another of the benefits of using drones in agriculture is avoiding the excess of chemicals in crops, because by monitoring more accurately the ground can prevent diseases, a less artificial option than eliminate them.
Unmanned aerial vehicles can be guided autonomously by GPS and send photographs or images in real time on the state of the crops.
In this way, the emergence of diseases is monitored, irrigation is controlled and birds are kept away. Drones can also take care of shedding fertilizers or chemicals to eliminate a pest.
The deployment of drones in the world Cultures tend to grow larger, the ultimate goal being increased productivity, a goal for which drones are intended. With the help of the data processing capability offered by big data, new systems are being tested in various parts of the world.
In Argentina, an investigation of the University has experimented with the use of this technology to increase the yield of the earth and modernize the agricultural techniques. However, in other places the use of drones is much more implanted. In Japan, a model manufactured by Yamaha has been used for more than 20 years. In 2010, 30% of the country’s rice fields received insecticides from the air. Similar technology is being used in the United States, but there is still no legal framework to regulate it. If this occurs and according to a report by the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International, 90% of civil uses of drones will be agriculture and safety.